Barnsley Biodiversity Trust: Barnsley Biodiversity Action Plan. Last Updated January 2016

Upland oakwood, a national priority habitat with a rich range of lichens, as well as mosses and ferns, is found in the wetter and colder ‘upland’ part of Britain. Small remnants may be found on the sides of cloughs around the fringes of upland moors in the west of Barnsley.


Local priority habitat details

Upland oakwood is a national priority habitat.

UK BAP priority habitats


It is listed as a local priority habitat although only present as remnants in the Dark Peak area. Any replanting of the Dark Peak moorland and its cloughs should take account of upland oakwood characteristics.


It is classed as broadleaf woodland in Phase 1 habitat surveys.


It has two main National Vegetation Classification categories in Barnsley:

W16 Oak-birch-wavy hair grass
W17 Oak-birch-bilberry.


Please note that previous versions of Barnsley Biodiversity Action Plan listed oak woodlands in coal measures as upland oakwoods: they are better categorised as lowland mixed deciduous woodlands.

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Links for information:

Forestry com: Information

Forestry com: Practice guide

Buglife: Managing oakwoods


Other information that applies to upland oakwood is found in the section of this biodiversity plan on Mixed Deciduous Woodlands.

Oak woods on the sandstone brows of the western-most coal measures can have some of the characteristics of Upland Oakwoods. These oak woods, classified as Lowland Mixed Deciduous Woodland, are in a continuum determined by conditions to Upland Oakwoods.


The rich range of lichens, mosses and ferns found in the still wetter and colder upland areas of Wales and the north west of England is lacking here, limited by the climate and by former levels of pollution.


The main objectives are to review the extent, type and condition of any remnants of Upland Oakwoods and to ensure that planting in these areas  take account of Upland Oakwood characteristics.

What is being done.

Yorkshire Water is replacing conifer plantations with native trees to form Upland Oakwood, just outside Barnsley in the Dark Peak near Langsett. They hope to support the distinctive breeding bird assemblage including Pied Flycatcher, Redstart and Wood warbler. In Langsett woods, veteran trees have been identified, wetland habitats have been created and native trees have been planted.